Hepatitis Symptoms and Hepatitis Treatment

Hepatitis Treatment
Hepatitis Symptoms and Hepatitis Treatment

Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver. It may be caused by drugs, alcohol use, or certain medical conditions. But in most cases, it’s caused by a virus and the most common forms are hepatitis A, B, and C. Sometimes there are no symptoms of hepatitis in the first weeks after infection. The symptoms of types A, B, and C may include fatigue, nausea, poor appetite, belly pain, a mild fever, or yellow skin or eyes. When hepatitis B and C become chronic, they may cause no symptoms for years.

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A is highly contagious and can spread from person to person. The virus almost always goes away on its own and does not cause long term liver damage. It usually spreads through food or water. Other reasons of Hepatitis A are Raw shellfish, fruits, vegetables, and undercooked foods are common reasons in hepatitis A. A prime risk factor for hepatitis A is traveling to or living in a country with high infection rates. Always wash your hands after using the bathroom. Children who attend daycare centers also have a higher risk of getting hepatitis A.

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B can lead to serious problems, such as liver damage, liver failure, and liver cancer. In many young persons the symptoms of Hepatitis B get better on their own. But some people are not able to clear the virus from the body, which causes a long term infection,  infants who get the virus will carry it for life, it’s most often spread through unprotected sex. It’s also possible to get hepatitis B by sharing an infected person’s needles, razors, or toothbrush. And an infected mother can pass the virus to her baby during childbirth. Hepatitis B is not spread by hugging, shaking hands, sharing food with other persons, or while coughing.

Hepatitis C

Chronic hepatitis C can cause very serious complications, including liver failure and liver cancer. It spreads through infected blood, sharing needles or other items used to inject drugs is the most common cause of infection. Getting a tattoo or body piercing with an infected needle is another means of exposure. A mother may pass the virus to her child at birth. Some other reasons include having multiple sex partners, HIV, raise risk for spreading hepatitis C.

Test for Hepatitis

Testing is important for anyone. Viral hepatitis is the top cause of liver cancer, so people with chronic hepatitis B or C need monitoring even if they feel healthy. Blood tests can detect proteins that suggest the presence of liver cancer. Ultrasounds, CT scans, and MRIs can reveal abnormal lesions in the liver. Blood tests can determine whether you have viral hepatitis, and if so, which kind. Chronic hepatitis can quietly attack the liver for years without causing any symptoms. If a test says you have viral hepatitis, you can take some necessary steps to protect the other family members whom you love. For hepatitis A, wash hands frequently. For hepatitis B and C, avoid sharing nail clippers, razors, or toothbrushes. Gets the hepatitis vaccine immediately go to specialist to discuss treatment options.

Vaccines For Hepatitis

There are vaccines to protect against hepatitis A and B. The recommends hepatitis A vaccination for all children ages 12 to 23 months and for adults who plan to travel or work in areas with hepatitis. People with chronic hepatitis B or C should also get the hepatitis A vaccine if they don’t already have immunity to the disease. The hepatitis B vaccine is recommended for all infants at birth and for adults who have any of the risk factors we discussed earlier. There is no vaccine for hepatitis C.

Treatment Hepatitis A

Hepatitis “A” always goes away on its own, and no medication is needed. If nausea is a problem, try eating several small meals throughout the day instead of three large ones. Drink water, juice, or sports drinks to stay hydrated avoid hard exercise until you’re feeling better.

Treatment Hepatitis B

The goal of treating chronic hepatitis “B” is to control the virus and keep it from damaging the liver. Antiviral medications may help, but not everyone can take them or needs to be on medication. Be sure to discuss the risks and benefits of antiviral therapy with your doctor.

Treatment Hepatitis C

The latest drug to be approved by the FDA is sofosbuvir-velpatasvir (Epclusa), which treats hepatitis C.  It is approved for use in combination with ribavirin. Alternative option is to take Harvoni one pill daily that combines Sovaldi (sofosbuvir) and ledipasvir. It cures the disease in most people in 8-12 weeks. Avoid alcohol, which can cause additional liver damage. Talk with your doctor about what’s right for before taking any medications or supplements what’s right for you because the newer hepatitis C treatment is very expensive.

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